If your basement wall shows signs of dampness or puddles, it is an indication of basement leakage either from the utility openings or windows. In such scenarios, the walls get damp or wet, especially walls which are made of masonry, due to water seepage through the masonry units or the mortar joints. If water is trickling or streaming down the wall, it means that the top of the basement wall is leaking, whereas seepage or dampness along the cracks in the floor of concrete means that the hydrostatic pressure is making the water come through the cracks.
Precautionary Measures for Clear Waterproofing
All these symptoms are easily spotted and fixed by waterproofing contractors who specialize in basement clear waterproofing. They can repair these problems permanently. However, there are various external factors which could also cause leaking of the basement. Therefore, the following steps should be taken:
- The rain gutters should be kept clean and flowing else the water runs down the slope of the roof and it lands on the soil below. If this water is not managed well, it soaks into the soil and causes the basement to leak.
- The downspouts which carry the water from the gutters should be at least 10 feet from the foundation of the house.
- The grading of the soil should be such that it should slope away and not towards the house. It should be at a gradient which is angled down towards the street. This way, the water will flow into the storm sewers.
- If there are planting boxes, retaining walls, sidewalks, wing walls, patios and decks near the foundation, it could lead to water retention if not sealed well or properly designed with opening for drainage.
- Window wells need to be properly installed and maintained as they can lead to leakages.
Avoid Clogging for Clear Waterproofing
There are basically two types of basement drains. One is the exterior basement drains which are buried in the dirt and are under the foundation of the building. The other is the interior basement drains which are in the perimeter of the basement and are installed under the floor connected to a sump pump system. These need to get clear waterproofing to avoid clogging in the future.
In order to avoid clogging carry out the following steps:
- The perimeter drain should be on the foundation footing above and away from the mud zone, and should collect the water at the joint of the foundation wall and the floor.
- New drain systems clog less and are easier to install. They collect water from the walls of the basement and counteract different challenges like dirt floors, thin floors and leaky hatchway doors.
- Gaps should be avoided on slab floors as they collect water from the leaking basement walls and the debris from the floor which logs the drain.
- A sump pump system should be installed. This pumps out water from the basement especially during heavy rains when passive draining systems are unable to handle it. The passive gravity drains also lead to mud deposits and these sump pumps help in keeping the muddy water constantly moving or flowing.
- The discharge line of the sump pump can freeze and clog. Even during partial clogging, the pump has to work harder and so it gets heated and fails.
- The discharge line opening when left open gets filled with debris and even animals live in them and cause further clogging. Therefore, these should be covered without fail.
- When a footing drain is installed, the water is kept away from the foundation. However this can clog too. This usually has a stone on top of the pipe so that backfill is prevented from clogging the drain.
Consider these precautionary measures and implement them to get clear waterproofing for your basement and keep your drain from clogging!